Step 13. Footings
Foundation Footings, as the name implies, can be directly related to the more common concept of a human's foot. Both are directly tasked with the job of transferring weight while providing stability to the human or object off of the surrounding ground. A clear example of this would be the attempt of standing on top of a large mound of freshly fallen snow while wearing our regular sized shoes, instead of purpose built large surface covering snowshoes. We would inadvertently sink. The theory behind a Foundation Footing works the exact same way. The larger the Foundation Footing the more weight it can hold by transferring to a larger surface area. After determining the compressibility and composition of the soil at the base of our excavated hole along with the estimated weight of our new home we were able to determine our required footing size and thickness. Too small of a footing and possible structure failure or sinking issues may occur while too large of a footing, the unnecessary waste of building materials becomes a concern. After determining our required footing size from the Foundation Engineering and reviewing our Soil Bearing Test results for "The Oxford" we determined that a 20 inch wide footing would suffice. Staying true to our promise of a strong focus towards upholding a higher level
of build quality we decided to upgrade to a 24 inch wide Footing by 10 inches thick.